Presiza Reavalia Medida rezolve Konflitu: Diak Liu Governo Reativa Grupo Arte Marsiais

Presiza Reavalia Medida rezolve Konflitu: Diak Liu  Governo Reativa Grupo Arte Marsiais post thumbnail image


Konflitu arte marsiais kontinua sai preokupasaun publiku relasiona ho akontesimentu baku malu, asaltu malu ne’ebé rezulta oho malu no estagus sasan. ONG nasional sira kontinua resista insidenti ne’ebé liga ba grupo arte marsiais kada fulan. Problema baku malu entre membru Grupo Arte Marsiais (GAM) la’o tuir deit dinamiku politika ne’ebé akontese iha rai laran. Konflitu GAM akontese kedas desde iha tinan 2004. asaltu malu no oho malu iha distrito tama to’o nivel nasional no kontinua to’o rai estranjeiru. Iha ne’ebé joven lubun mak mate ona tan oho malu husi membru grupo arte marsiais ne’ebé laiha solusaun diak husi Governo.

Konflitu arte marsiais sai trend liu iha Timor-Leste no politika sira kondena katak arte marsiais sai hanesan risku ba estabilidade nasional no ameasa ba estado. Hafoin akontesimento konflitu arte marsiais sai nakfera boot liu la’o ho krize 2006 nian husik mos lisaun ida ba grupo politiku sira. Grupo sira oho malu no komunidade GAM sira halo disturbu iha fatin-fatin bairo sira iha nivel nasional no mos munisipiu sira iha Timor laran tomak. Grupo arte marsiais balun afilia ba partidu politiku no sira utiliza hodi asegura sira nia interse ukun. Konflitu sai maka’as liu liga ba arte marsiais no mediada prevensaun oin-oin ne’ebé Governo hamosu mos hodi trata arte marsiais.

Goveno nia esforsu dahuluk liu aprova Lei Lei no.10/2008, Lei ba Arte Marsiais. Bazeia ba lei refere esforsu oin-oin husi Governo homosu komisaun reguladora Arte Mariais, no mos Federesaun Silat Timor-Leste (FESTIL) no nia membru hamutuk 12 hari’i hanesan organizaun mahon ida ba Arte Marsiais sira iha Timor-Leste.
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Falta kontrola husi Komisaun reguladora arte Marsiais la hala’o nia serbisu ho diak hodi rezolve problema grupo arte marsiais sira. Inisitiva husi lider artemarsiais sira no sai sasin husi lider fundador sira nasaun nian ho komprimisu husi lideransa Grupo arte marsiais no arte rituais sira hotu halo paktu unidade nasional no juramentu ba estado atu hakotu konflitu hodi kontribui ba dezenvolvimento nasional lahatudu iha paraktiva no konflitu grupo arte marsiais sira sai poblematiku ho hamosu disturbu iha ordem publiku.

Nune’e desde tinan 2011 Governu liuhusi Konsellu Ministru foti desizaun ne’ebé forte hodi introduz medidas legal balun hanesan bandu no sansaun liu husi resolusaun No.35/2011 kona-ba Garantia Seguransa Interna no Orden Publika no prolonga tan ho resolusaun No. 24/2012 hodi “aprova renovasaun kona-ba suspensaun ba prátika atividade hosi klibur Arte Marsiál sira.” rekonsialisaun simu malu entre grupo arte marisias no juramento oin-oin ba ba arte marsiais no membru PNTL no F-FDTL ne’ebé involve iha grupo arte marsiais. To’o ikus ho resolusaun No.16/2013 kona-ba “Ekstinsaun Grupu Arte Marsial sira” iha Jullu 2013 hodi taka OAM problematiku maibe problema grupo arte marsiais.

Ema hotu hanoin katak ho rezolusaun taka arte marsias no juramento ba membru PNTL no F-FDTL bele hakotu ona konflitu arte marsiais maibe hatudu kontrariu konflitu netre joven sira sai maka’as no susar bele kontrola arte marsiais, GAM sira kontinua aumenta nia membru sira ho liu husi treinu subar no hakur fronteira ba gradua iha indonezia. Depois ida ne’e membru grupo arte marsiais sira komesa lansa ona video sira ne’ebé sira aplika sira nia talenta liu husi esparin nain ida hasoru ida iha media sosial sira hanesan face book.

Ikus liu Fundasaun Mahein rekomenda ba Governu reativa fila grupo arte marsiais ne’ebé rezolusaun taka sira nia aktividade, hodi nune’e Governo bele fasil hodi kontrola sira, aplika lei arte marisia ba sira. Governo mos tenki kria kondisaun hodi dezenvolve sira nia talenta, utiliza hodi ataraku turizmo, no sai diplomasia hodi reprezenta imajen nasaun nia iha mundo.

Need to Reassess Means of Resolving Conflict:
Improving Government Reactions to Martial Art Groups

Conflict between Martial Art Groups (MAGs) continues to be a matter of public concern due to increasing incidents of fighting, assaults, fatalities, and destruction of property. Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) are registering incidents linked to MAGs every month. Fighting between MAGs has been part of the political dynamic of Timor-Leste since 2004, with MAGs being involved in politically-motivated violence across Timor-Leste at the behest of political leaders.

Although politicians have condemned the activities of MAGs, they continue to pose a risk to national security, especially if mobilized in support of political parties. This has occurred repeatedly, with political parties utilizing MAGs in attempts to secure and consolidate their power. The involvement of MAGs during the 2006 crisis was significant, resulting in deaths between different MAGs and amongst communities. It serves as a lesson for political parties who may consider mobilizing MAGs for acts of intimidation and violence, as in the end it is Timorese citizens, the very constituents that political parties purport to represent, who will suffer due to MAG violence.

As a result of the political mobilization of MAGs, riots and fighting have occurred in almost all municipalities across Timor-Leste. This has led to the government instituting preventative measures through legislative means. The first government effort to address MAG violence was through Law 10/2008, in which a regulatory commission called Federasaun Silat Timor-Leste (FESTIL) was created, and its 12 members formed as an organization for martial arts groups in Timor-Leste.

The resulting inactivity and lack of control by the commission that was created does not leave a good impression for their abilities to resolve MAG issues. The government initiative in which Martial Arts Leaders swore an oath to commit to the development of national unity by ceasing conflict has not come to fruition, and conflicts and disruptions to the public order continue.

In 2011, the Council of Ministers made a strong decision to introduce resolution no. 35/2011, a legal prohibition of MAGs to ensure the internal security and public order. A further declaration was made with resolution no. 24/2012, to “approve renewal for suspension of activities by Martial Arts Associations.
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Through these resolutions, the reconciliation process was initiated among MAGs, as well as for members of the PNTL and F-FDTL who are also involved with MAGs. Finally, resolution no. 16/2013 declared the “Extinction of Martial Arts Groups,” in July 2013.

It was widely anticipated that such resolutions would result in the cessation of conflicts between MAGs, but time has shown this not to be the case. At the present, conflicts amongst MAG-affiliated youths are increasing and becoming more difficult to control. Further, MAGs are continuously recruiting members for illegal training, which involves crossing the border territory for graduation in Indonesia. In recent times, members of MAGs began launching videos in which they demonstrate their talents through competition in one-on-one combat against each other, using social media outlets like Facebook.

In light of these circumstances, Fundasaun Mahein recommends that the government re-invigorate its push to close MAG activities in accordance with the declared laws.
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The government must also create an environment in which disaffected youth may develop their talents, and utilize them to attract tourists. Rather than functioning as destructive gangs, they can use their talents to project an image of success and excitement for Timor-Leste’s future to the world.

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